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Post by Dammam on Tue Apr 07, 2009 4:23 pm

The Senegal Parrots is native to West Africa, specifically to Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau and Guinea. The Senegal Parrot is a bird of open woodland and savannah.
Within its natural range, it undergoes local movements, driven mainly by the availability of the fruit and blossoms which make up its diet. It is considered a farm pest, often feeding on crop.

This is a gregarious species, continuously chattering with a range of whistling and squawking calls.
Senegal Parrots live an average of approximately 25-30 years in the wild, but have been known to live for 50 years in captivity.

There are three generally recognized subspecies. They do not differ in behavior, but only in the color of the "vest." In the pet trade, the nominate subspecies is the most common though all three are raised and sold as pets.
• Senegal Parrot / Poicephalus senegalus senegalus (the nominate subspecies):
o Visual Difference: Yellow vest
o Native Range: southern Mauritania, southern Mali to Guinea and the Island of Los.

• Reichenow's Orange-bellied Parrots / P. s. mesotypus:
o Visual Difference: Orange vest.
o Native Range: eastern and northeastern Nigeria and Cameroon into southwest Chad.

• Red-vented Parrots / P. s. versteri:
o Visual Difference: Red vest.
o Native Range: Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana east to western Nigeria.

Breeding / Nesting
It nests in holes in trees, often Oil Palms, laying 2-4 white eggs which are incubated for about 27 days. The eggs are about 3cm long x 2.5cm wide.

The Senegal Parrot is about 9 - 9.2 ins (~23 cm) long, plump-looking, and weighs about 110 to 170 g - the average weight being 125 grams.

Males are generally larger and heavier then female birds. Adults have a charcoal grey head, yellow eyes, green back and throat, and yellow underparts and rump. The yellow and green areas on a Senegal Parrot's front form a V-shape and resemble a yellow vest worn over green. Immature birds are duller, with a lighter grey head and grey eyes.
Senegals are not sexually dimorphic, but there are some hypotheses on how to tell the genders apart; it is thought that a female's beak and head are smaller and narrower than the male's and also, the V-shape of the vest is usually longer in females, so that the green area extends down over the chest to between the legs whereas in males it ends midway down the chest.

Immature birds have a duffer plumage and their irises are dark.
The Senegal Parrot is the most popular Poicephalus parrot in aviculture, with the Meyers Parrot being the second in line.

Their life expectancy in a safe home that provides appropriate care can be up to 40 or 50 years. Their captive diet consists of seeds, most fruits and vegetables

Personality of the Senegal Parrots:
These mid-sized parrots are curious, fun-loving parrots that are much "mellower" compared with many other parrots. They are appreciated for their playful and curious personality.

Unlike many parrot species, they are not known to be noisy - another factor that attracts people to this species. They are able to speak in a limited fashion - often with a high squeaky voice - and can learn to mimic many sounds, such as phone ringing, whistling, kisses, microwave beeps and smoke alarms.

They are acrobatic, amusing, and generally sweet. These active parrots require a larger cage to allow them to move around and get sufficient exercise. Plenty-out-of-cage time should be provided to socialize this parrot and allow for further opportunities to excercise and explore.

Wild-caught Senegal Parrots are unlikely to turn into good pets, as they are difficult, if not impossible, to tame; and they may always be frightened of humans.

Training and Behavioral Guidance:
Senegals are less demanding than other parrot species, which makes them an excellent choice for someone who wants to "step up" from an easy-going and easy-care cockatiel or budgie. Consistent training from a young age is recommended to ensure potential senegal owners enjoy a bird free of destructive and annoying habits.

Behavioral challenges that senegals present include:

• Jealousy / Aggression: The senegals are known for their jealousy of other family members and pets. They can develop a bond with only one human and refuse to interact with other people, even attacking them in some cases. Although a Senegal is a small bird it does not seem to believe so, and will attack larger birds and even dogs if it feels it or its human is threatened. Owners should be cautious in multiple-pet homes. Continuing to socialize the hand reared pet bird from a young age and letting many people handle and interact with it can prevent single-person bonding and allow it to become an excellent family pet.

Continuous obedience training is recommended ...
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Post by .bygafricans. on Thu Apr 09, 2009 2:00 pm

Senegal Parrot
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